Saturday, August 27, 2005

This Date in Irish History - August 27th

August 27th -

1798 - In one of Irish history's most
famous battles, General Humbert's
800 French soldiers and 1,500
Irish soldiers defeated an English force
of 6000 at Castlebar, Co. Mayo in what
would be later known as "The Races
at Castlebar".
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- Joseph Corr, a Catholic civilian, died sixteen
days after
being shot by the British Army in
Ballymurphy, Belfast.

1972 - In Belfast, civilian Thomas Boyd
was shot and killed by the UDA.
A British soldier was shot and killed by
an IRA sniper at the Creggan Heights
British Army base in Derry.

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1974 - IRA Volunteer Patrick McKeown died
in a premature bomb explosion in a house
in Newry, Co. Down.

1976 - Three members of a Catholic family,
Joseph Dempsey (22), Jeanette Dempsey (19)
and Brigeen Dempsey (10 months), were
killed in a petrol bomb attack on their home
in Hillman Street, New Lodge, Belfast.
The attack was carried out by Loyalists.

1978 - Approximately 10,000 people took part
in a march from Coalisland to Dungannon,
County Tyrone, to commemorate the first
civil rights march 10 years earlier.

1979 - In two devastating attacks, the IRA
ambushed and killed
18 British soldiers and
executed the former Viceroy of India and

cousin of the British Queen, Lord Louis
Mountbatten and three other
members of his boat party were
killed when
a 50lb, remote-controlled bomb blew up his
the Shadow V, at Mullaghmore,
County Sligo. Mountbatten had
served as
Chief of Britain's Naval Staff and Chief of the
Kingdom Defence Staff.
In a statement claiming responsibility for the attack,
the IRA
said the bombing was "a discriminate
operation to bring to the
attention of the English
people the continuing occupation of
our country".
The Mountbatten execution, which struck at the
very heart of
the British establishment, was followed
by an
IRA ambush at Narrow Water near Warrenpoint,
County Down, which resulted
in the deaths of
18 members of the British Army's Parachute
In the Narrow Water ambush a 500lb bomb planted
in a lorry
loaded with hay was detonated by the IRA
as a British Army
convoy passed, killing six Paras.
A second explosion damaged a
British helicopter
carrying members of a quick reaction force
and killed
twelve more troops. It was the most successful IRA

attack against British forces in 58 years.
The ambush at Narrow Water was followed by wild
indiscriminate shooting from the British Army
across the nearby
border with the 26 Counties, during
which an uninvolved civilian,
Michael Hudson, was shot
and killed.

Loyalists responded to the Warrenpoint and Mountbatten
bombings with a series of random killings of Catholic

1995 - A man was admitted to Tyrone County Hospital
broken ribs and kidney damage following a vicious
assault by
loyalists at the weekend. His son was also
admitted after being
struck in the chest by a plastic bullet
fired by a member of the
British Crown Forces.

1996 - The homes of two nationalist families in Derry
attacked by petrol-bombers. RUC member David
Gamble, who gave his address as Strand Road
RUC barracks,
was charged at Derry Crown Court with a
number of counts of
theft and possession of arms.

1997 - Relatives of the 33 people killed in bombings in
Dublin and Monaghan on May 17th, 1974 failed in their
court attempt
to get the Garda Síochána to release the
files on their
investigations of the bombings.

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2000 - A former member of British military intelligence
revealed that weapons used by loyalist gangs who
through Belfast's Shankill district the previous
week were
provided by British
intelligence as part of a plan
to defeat the IRA.


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