Monday, August 22, 2005

This Date in Irish History - August 22nd

Time constraints will not allow me to do these every day, but I will try to put more of these "On This Date" posts up in the future.

August 22nd -

1791 - Theobald Wolfe Tone published "An Argument on Behalf of the Catholics of Ireland".

1798 - A French force of 1,019 men under General Humbert landed at Killala, Co. Mayo.

1846 - John Keegan Casey, Fenian, poet and writer of "Rising of the Moon" was born near Mullingar, Co. Westmeath.

1881 - Second Land Act introduced the 'three Fs' - fair rent, fixity of tenure, free sale - and set up the Land Commission.

1922 - A convoy carrying Michael Collins was ambushed at Beal na mBláth ("the mouth of flowers"). Only one man was killed - Michael Collins.

1972 - A bomb that was being planted by the Irish Republican Army exploded prematurely at a customs post at Newry, County Down. Three IRA Volunteers, one Loyalist, and five civilians were killed in the explosion.

1975 - Three Catholic civilians - John McGleenan, Patrick Hughes, and Thomas Morris - were killed in a loyalist gun and bomb attack on McGleenan's Bar, Upper English Street, Armagh.
William Daniel, a civilian shot six days earlier in a sectarian attack carried out by the UVF, dies from his injuries.

1984 - Gerry Curran, then Armagh coroner, resigned after discovering "grave irregularities" in RUC files related to the killing of two INLA members - Roddy Carroll and Seamus Grew - on December 12, 1982.

1986 - John Stalker, then Deputy Chief Constable of
the Greater Manchester Police, was cleared of all
allegations of misconduct and reinstated in his police
position. However, Stalker was not returned to the
inquiry into the 'shoot to kill' allegations in the
Six Counties.

1988 - A Royal Navy recruiting officer was killed in
Belfast when a PIRA bomb attached to his car exploded.

1998 - The INLA announced that it was to go on
ceasefire as of midday. There were calls for the
Continuity Irish Republican Army to also announce a

1999 - Yann Reynard Goulet - "The Fox" - Breton
patriot and Irish Republican dies in Ireland.
The BT Target Sports Club near Loughbrickland, Co.
Down, was vandalised by loyalists. A bulldozer was
used to destroy an 8ft earthen wall at the club and
the club buildings were daubed with loyalist graffiti.

2001 - A pipe bomb was discovered in a letter box at a constituency office of Mid-Ulster MP and British Crown Minister Martin McGuinness in Cookstown, Co Tyrone. The attack was claimed by the Red Hand Defenders who said that they would step up their terror campaign.
The Red Hand Defenders also admitted planting a booby trap device under a former republican prisoner’s van at Ashley Avenue in Armagh city. It was defused.
A caller to a Belfast newspaper purporting to represent the “South Londonderry Protestant Volunteers” and using a recognised codeword said explosive devices had been left at GAA grounds between Coleraine and Cookstown.
A pipe bomb was discovered at Lavey GAA club, near Maghera, Co Derry where up to 20 children were being coached in hurling. Pipe bombs were also found in Ballerin GAA club, in Garvagh and two at Desertmartin GAA clubs, also in Co Derry.
Three men arrested in Colombia on August 13 – Martin McCauley, James Monaghan and Niall Connolly — were charged with carrying false passports and training members of the FARC movement. They were remanded in


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